One of the topics of conversation that keeps coming up in our district when talking about math is always how to teach young children to master their addition and subtraction facts. With constantly changing standards and increasing expectations, it can be difficult to keep up with everything.
In this post, I share Spring Math Fact Fluency Activities I use in my classroom, but also ideas for other activities you can do with your students to help them master these foundational skills.
Why Do We Teach Math Fact Fluency?
I am sure we can all think of WAY too many times a student has asked the question, Why are we learning this? However, when it comes to math facts, we use them almost every day. Most of the time we don’t even realize we are using them!
For our students, it’s not only important for them to learn addition and subtraction facts, but it’s the foundation for the rest of the skills they will use in math. Therefore, it’s essential that they learn these facts and are able to recall them quickly (in 3 seconds or less). This is called automaticity, when students are able to recall facts from their long-term memory without effort.
How Can We Teach Fluency?
Each week, students should be working towards mastering all of their addition and subtraction facts to twenty by 2nd grade. This means students should practice DAILY to develop fluency. There are many ways students can develop their math fact fluency:
- Oral drills
- Computer games
- Written practice drills
- Small group or partner games
All of these can be done during different parts of the day:
- Morning Meeting
- Math Meeting
- Morning Work
The important thing is to practice, practice, practice. And if your students are struggling, it means they need that much more practice to learn these skills! It’s one of the reasons our district is moving toward offering math interventions next year (it’s been a long time coming!). Some of our students need additional individual or small group instruction that is impossible for teachers to fit into their already tight schedules.
But, as always, we will find a way to make it work!
Spring Math Fact Fluency
Now on to the FUN stuff! I created a Spring Math Fact Fluency pack with 36 pages of resources and absolutely NO PREP!
I created it because I needed a fun and engaging way to practice math fact fluency with my students. This pack has adorable spring graphics (bugs, bunnies, rain cloud and boots, a sun, rainbow, bird and birdhouse, trees, flowers, and more!) perfect for March, April, May, and June math activities!
My goal was to create a resource that was print and go! And all of the worksheets are in black and white to save on ink!
Pick and choose which pages you want to do, print, and you’re all set! You can time students for several minutes to see how many problems they can do, and use it to create goals with your students and inform instruction. Or they can complete it as a math center or during morning work.
- Single digit addition with addends 10 or less (4 pages, 12 – 15 problems each)
- Single digit subtraction with minuends up to 18 (4 pages, 12 problems & 15 problems)
- Mixed addition & subtraction (4 pages, 15 problems)
- Double digit addition with and without regrouping (4 pages)
- 3 and 4 column double digit addition (2 pages)
- Double digit subtraction with and without regrouping (4 pages)
- Mixed double digit addition & subtraction (2 pages)
- Adding money (4 pages)
- Subtracting money (2 pages)
- Roll and add 10 and 100
- Roll and subtract 10 and 100
- Comparing two digit numbers (>, <, and =)
I Want It! Now What?
You can find my Spring Math Fact Fluency pack here.
You can also find my Unicorn Math Fact Fluency pack with double digit addition and subtraction activities here OR even better, do you want this Math Fluency Pack, along with other FREE resources (including my St. Patrick’s Day Math & Literacy pack)? Just fill in your name and email address at the bottom of this page in the box where it says You Don’t Wanna Miss This! to receive access to my library of teaching resources.
Here are some resources below for additional ideas and activities to continue to develop math fluency with your students!
- 7 Games for Practicing Math Facts from Scholastic
- Cool Math Games online has different math activities for students based on the skill they are working on. I have my students click “Numbers” at the top, and scroll down to Addition & Subtraction to choose an activity they want to do whenever we’re in the computer lab.
- 40 FREE No Prep Games for math fact fluency from the Measured Mom